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Korean Journal of Financial Studies 2012;41(2):309-340.
Published online April 30, 2012.
Short-Selling before Analyst Downgrades
Yun Sung Eom
애널리스트 투자의견 하향에 대한 공매도거래 분석
엄윤성
Abstract
This paper analyzes short-selling prior to the release of analyst downgrades to investigate the investment value of analyst downgrades and it relationship with short-seller`s trading behavior. Using a sample of 612 downgrades of the Korea Exchange stocks (KSE, KOSDAQ) from June 1, 2009 to May 31, 2011, we find the following things. First, the abnormal announcement return (days 0 to 1) has a statistically significant negative value, which means that analyst downgrades have the investment value in the Korea stock market. Second, the three-day abnormal return preceding the downgrade announcements (days -3 to -1) is negative only in the KOSDAQ market. Abnormal levels of short-selling also increase before downgrades are publicly announced in the KOSDAQ market. This result suggests the possibility of information leakage about analyst downgrades. Finally, we show that this pre-announcement abnormal short-selling is significantly related to the subsequent share price reaction to the downgrades in the KOSDAQ market. This result implies that short sellers are informed traders. They successfully predict downgrades and exploit profitable opportunities provided by downgrade announcements. Even though all market participants deserve fair and equitable treatment, some short-sellers benefit from private information about upcoming downgrades. If this is the case, both analysts and short-sellers violate the principle.
Key Words: 공매도거래,미공개 정보,불공정거래,애널리스트 투자의견 하향,정보거래자,Analyst Downgrades,Informed Trader,Private Information,Short Sale,Unfair Trade
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